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  • Post published:29/04/2021
  • Post last modified:29/04/2021
Planets and Houses

Planets

In Hindu Astrology there are nine planets or Grahas. These include Rahu and Ketu, which are astronomical points formed where the moon’s orbit intersects the apparent path of the Sun around the earth. Each planet is considered to be having masculine, feminine or neutral characteristics.

Planets and their equivalents in English

GrahaEnglish NameSex
RaviSunMasculine
ChandraMoonFeminine
KujaMarsMasculine
BudhaMercuryNeutral
GuruJupiterMasculine
ShukraVenusFeminine
SaniSaturnNeutral
RahuDragon HeadFeminine
KetuDragon TailNeutral

Rahu and Ketu

The Moon’s apparent path intersects the ellipse obliquely at two points called the nodes. The point where the Moon crosses the ecliptic from south to north is called the ascending node or Rahu, where it crosses the ecliptic from north to south is called descending node or Ketu. These two points are 180 degrees apart and their movement is constantly retrograde, meaning, against the normal direction of the movement of planets. Rahu and Ketu are given special status and considered as planets in Indian astrology. Rahu and Ketu take approximately eighteen years and ten days to complete one round of the zodiac.

Zodiac

The Zodiac is a band 18 degrees wide and placed obliquely to the equator. This band can be imagined running around the earth in an east-west direction. Groups of stars can be located along this imaginary belt. This belt is divided into twelve equal parts called Rasi. It is also divided into 27 parts and each part named after a star or group of stars located in the division

Houses

When a zodiac is divided into twelve equal parts, each such part has an extension of 30 degrees of arc. Such a division is called a sign or Rasi.

There are 12 houses of Rasi’s

No.Indian SystemWestern System
1MeshaAries
2VrishabhaTaurus
3MithunaGemini
4KarkataCancer
5SimhaLeo
6KanyaVirgo
7TulaLibra
8VrischikaScorpio
9DhanuSagittarius
10MakaraCapricorn
11KumbhaAquarius
12MeenaPises

Lords of Houses

Each Rasi has a planet assigned to it as Lord of the House.

No.Lords of 12 Houses
1MeshaMangal or Kuja (Mars)
2VrishabhaShukra (Venus)
3MithunaBudha (Mercury)
4KarkataChandra (Moon)
5SimhaSurya (The Sun)
6KanyaBudha (Mercury)
7TulaShukra(Venus)
8VrischikaKuja(Mars)
9DhanuGuru(Jupiter)
10MakaraSani(Saturn)
11KumbhaSani(Saturn)
12MeenaGuru (Jupiter)

Exalted houses of Planets

Each planet has a point in the zodiac where it attains maximum strength. The houses where they have the maximum strength are called the houses of exaltation.

Planets and their exalted houses (Uchacha)

Exaltation
1RaviMesha
2ChandraVrishabha
3KujaMakara
4BudhaKanya
5SimhaKarkata
6ShukraMeena
7SaniTula

Debilitated houses of planets

Each planet has a point in the zodiac where it has the minimum strength. The houses where the planets have the minimum strength are called the houses of debilitation.

Debilitated houses of Planets
1RaviTula
2ChandraVrischika
3KujaKarkata
4BudhaMeena
5SimhaMakara
6ShukraKanya
7SaniMesha

Planetary relationship

Each planet considers another planet as friend, enemy or equal. Some relationships are not mutual, for example, while one planet considers another as a friend, the second planet, in turn, may not see the first one as a friend. Mercury and Moon are examples.

PlanetsFriendsEqualsEnemies
SunMoon, Mars, JupiterMercuryVenus, Sani, Rahu
MoonSun, MercuryMars, Jupiter, Venus, SaturnRahu
MarsSun, Moon, JupiterVenus, SaturnMercury, Rahu
MercurySun, Venus, RahuMars, Jupiter, SaturnMoon
JupiterSun, Moon, MarsSaturn, RahuMercury, Venus
VenusMercury, Saturn, RahuJupiter, MarsSun, Moon
SaturnMercury, Venus, RahuJupiterSun, Moon, Mars
RahuMercury, Venus, SaturnJupiterSun, Moon, Mars
KetuMercury, Venus, Saturn, RahuJupiterSun, Moon, Mars

Planets and gemstones

Each planet has a gem associated with it. The nine stones corresponding to the nine planets are called the Navaratna group of stones.

PlanetGem Stone
RaviRuby
ChandraPearl
KujaCoral
BudhaEmerald
GuruPushyaraga (Yellow Sapphire)
ShukraDiamond
SaturnBlue Sapphire
RahuGomed
KetuCat’s eye

Planets and their colours

PlanetGem Stone
RaviRed
ChandraWhite
KujaRed
BudhaGreen
GuruYellow
ShukraWhite
SaturnBlue
RahuSmoke
KetuSmoke

Periods of stay of each planet in each sign

PlanetPeriod of Stay
Sun30 days
Moon2 1/4 days
Mars45 days
Mercury30 days
Jupiter1 year
Venus30 days
Saturn2 years and 6 months
Rahu1 year and 6 months
Ketu1 year and 6 months

Planets and their elements

Planets and their elements
Mercury stands for Earthly element
Sun Stands for Fiery element
Saturn stands for Airy element
Jupiter stands for Ethereal element
Venus & Moon stands for Watery element

Types of houses

Movable (Chara)Fixed (Sthira)Common (Dwiswabhava)
MeshaVrishabhaMithuna
KarkataSimhaKanya
TulaVrischikaDhanu
MakaraKumbhaMeena

Natural benefics: Jupiter, Mercury, Venus and Waxing Moon Natural malefics: Saturn, Mars, Rahu, Ketu and Sun.

Characteristics Associated with Planets

Planets are associated with colour, metal, elements, grains, seasons etc. Also, they are believed to belong to certain caste and sex. These characteristics and associations are given in a table below.

CharacterSunMoonMarsMercury
ColourCopperWhiteRedGreen
NatureSathwaSathwaThamasRajas
SexMaleFemaleMaleEunuch(Female)
CasteKshtriyaVysyaKshtriyaSudra
ElementFireWaterFireEarth
DietyAgniVarunaSubramanyaVishnu
GarmentThickNewHalfBurntWet
Metal/materialCopperGemsGoldBrass
PartsBonesBloodMarrowSkin
GrainsWheatPaddyLentilGreenGram
SeasonsSummerWinterSummerAutumn
TastePungentSaltAcidityMixed
ResidencePlace of worshipSpringsFirePlay-ground
TemperamentBiliousPhlegmaticBiliousMixed

 

CharacterJupiterVenusSaturn
ColorMixed Gold&SilverWhite/YellowBlue/Black
NatureSathwaRajasThamas
SexMaleFemaleEunuch (Female)
CasteBrahmanBrahmanChandala
ElementEtherWaterAir
DietyIndraIndraniBrahma
GarmentShabbyStrongRag
Metal/materialSilverDiamond(Pearl)Iron(Lead)
PartsFlesh&BrainSemenMuscles
GrainsBengalGramBeansSesamin
SeasonsSnowSpringAll Seasons
TasteSweet&CoolSourBitter & Astringent
ResidenceStore-houseBed-ChamberDustbin
TemperamentPhlegmaticWindy
&PhlegmaticWindy

 

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